Main Блок 3 в 1
Блок 3 в 1
33rd session of the CIS ICH
On September 14-15, 2022, the 33rd session of the Interstate Council for Hydrometeorology of the Commonwealth of Independent States was held via videoconference. Traditionally, the session was attended by the heads of the national hydrometeorological services of the member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States, representatives of the World Meteorological Organization and the CIS Executive Council. The Republic of Belarus was represented at the session by: Alexander Burov , Director of the Department for Security Cooperation and Countering New Challenges and Threats of the CIS Executive Committee; Georgy Samsonov , Head of the Department for Cooperation in the Field of Prevention and Elimination of Consequences of Emergency Situations of the Department for Cooperation in the Field of Security and Countering New Challenges and Threats of the CIS Executive Committee; Tamara Gomonova , Head of the State institution "Republican Center for Hydrometeorology, Control of Radioactive Contamination and Environmental Monitoring" (Belgidromet); Andrey Korobchuk , Deputy Head of the department of International Cooperation and Public Relations of Belhydromet; Polina Palchekh , a leading engineer of the environmental information department of Belhydromet. The session was opened by Levon Azizyan, Acting Director of the Center for Hydrometeorology and Monitoring of the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Armenia. Deputy Secretary General of WMO Elena Manaenkova delivered a welcoming speech on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization. Danara Alimbayeva, Director General of the Republican state Enterprise "Kazhydromet" of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, chaired the 33rd session of the CIS MSG. During the session, representatives of the national hydrometeorological services presented reports on the work of the national hydrometeorological services during the intersessional period, as well as considered other topical issues on their interaction and development. The participants of the session from Belgidromet made presentations: "On the activities of the National Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Belarus and its interaction within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the World Meteorological Organization"; "On the organization and conduct of hydrobiological observations on water bodies of the CIS MSG member countries". Following the results of the session, decisions were made determining the further interaction of the national hydrometeorological services of the CIS member states in the near future (2022-2023). In accordance with the documents of the session, Danara Alimbayeva, Director General of the Republican state enterprise "Kazhydromet" of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was appointed Chairman of the CIS MSG for the next period. The next 34th session of the CIS MSG is scheduled for the 4th quarter of 2023 in the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The session was opened by Levon Azizyan, Acting Director of the Center for Hydrometeorology and Monitoring of the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Armenia. Deputy Secretary General of WMO Elena Manaenkova delivered a welcoming speech on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization. Danara Alimbayeva, Director General of the Republican state Enterprise "Kazhydromet" of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, chaired the 33rd session of the CIS MSG. During the session, representatives of the national hydrometeorological services presented reports on the work of the national hydrometeorological services during the intersessional period, as well as considered other topical issues on their interaction and development. The participants of the session from Belgidromet made presentations: "On the activities of the National Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Belarus and its interaction within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the World Meteorological Organization"; "On the organization and conduct of hydrobiological observations on water bodies of the CIS MSG member countries". Following the results of the session, decisions were made determining the further interaction of the national hydrometeorological services of the CIS member states in the near future (2022-2023). In accordance with the documents of the session, Danara Alimbayeva, Director General of the Republican state enterprise "Kazhydromet" of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was appointed Chairman of the CIS MSG for the next period. The next 34th session of the CIS MSG is scheduled for the 4th quarter of 2023 in the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. When using the information reference to Belhydromet is obligatory
September 16 - International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
The theme of September 16, 2022 is "The Montreal Protocol: Global cooperation to protect life on Earth." This motto is dedicated to the 35th anniversary of the adoption of the Montreal Protocol, the most successful agreement on environmental protection. On September 16, 1987, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed. In honor of this event, the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer was established. In the mid-70s, scientists discovered that a number of chemicals used by humans cause the destruction of atmospheric ozone. Further study of the atmosphere made it possible to detect a giant ozone hole over Antarctica, and in general to better understand the processes taking place in the air. The discovery turned out to be so important that scientists who claimed the destruction of the ozone layer received the Nobel Prize in chemistry. The protocol adopted as a result of these studies is one of the most successful examples of international cooperation in the field of environmental protection. Thanks to its observance, humanity has not only managed to prevent a global catastrophe, but also to achieve a sustainable recovery of the ozone layer on the planet. Ozone is one of the natural forms of oxygen existence. The gas consists of three oxygen atoms and is designated as O3. About 10% of all atmospheric ozone is in the troposphere, which extends 10-15 kilometers above the Earth's surface. The remaining 90% of ozone is located in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 30 kilometers. This zone with the highest concentration of ozone is known as the ozone layer. The higher the concentration of ozone, the better it protects organisms from solar radiation. Ozone is an extremely unstable gas. At room temperature and normal atmospheric pressure, it turns into ordinary oxygen O2 in a few minutes. In the upper layers of the atmosphere, it can exist relatively steadily, but even there there is a constant process of its decay and formation. All these chemical reactions occur under the influence of sunlight. The thinning of the ozone layer reduces its absorption capacity, which makes ordinary sunlight dangerous for life on Earth. The widespread use in industry and everyday life of gases containing halogens (especially chlorine and bromine) has led to a serious increase in their concentration in the atmosphere. These compounds are relatively inert and can exist in the air for a long time, they are not extracted from the atmosphere with precipitation, and over time, with the natural movement of air flows, they enter the stratosphere. There they actively react with ozone, oxidize, and subsequently return to the ground. Chemical reactions occurring in the atmosphere are complex and multi-stage. Computer simulations show that one atom of bromine or chlorine can, after going through the entire chain of transformations, destroy thousands of ozone molecules. And since the process of its formation has remained unchanged, such an increased rate of decay threatens to disrupt the existing balance. Due to the peculiarities of the movement of air flows and the properties of the gases themselves, their lowest concentration is in the tropics, and the highest is at the poles. This is one of the reasons that the largest ozone hole is located over Antarctica, although emissions of ozone-depleting substances occur all over the world. Despite all the difficulties in assessing the state of the atmosphere, it can be argued that the adoption of the Montreal Protocol and compliance with its conditions have already yielded results. The ozone content is growing by an average of 2% per decade. Today, the ozone layer is being restored. Forecasts for each of the ozone-depleting substances vary, but in general, ozone levels will return to 1980 levels by the middle of the century. In compliance with the Montreal Protocol and its amendments, all countries of the world can expect a complete purification of the atmosphere from ozone-depleting substances by 2100. The ozone layer is also of great importance for maintaining the temperature balance on our planet. The fight against global warming, which is happening today as a result of anthropogenic activity, is an urgent problem of all states, in particular, industrialized countries, including the Republic of Belarus. The ozone layer is considered one of the most important natural objects that are subject to legal protection. The Protocol has been in force for the Republic of Belarus since 1989. Since then, the country has fulfilled all its obligations, the consumption of ozone-depleting substances has decreased by more than 60 times. In order to conduct research in the field of the ozone layer, on June 14, 1997, the Establishment of the Belarusian State University "National Research Center for Monitoring the Ozone Layer" was established, whose specialists monitor changes in the thickness of the ozone layer over Belarus, and also work on the issue of disposal of hazardous gases and replacing them with safe analogues, constantly monitor the state of the atmosphere and the ozone layer. While we protect the ozone layer, it continues to protect all the diversity of life on the planet. When using the information reference to Belhydromet is obligatory
September 18 - World Water Monitoring Day
Every year, on September 18, since 2003, the World Water Monitoring Day, or World Water Quality Monitoring Day, is celebrated. This ecological holiday, established on the initiative of the American Clean Water Foundation, has now become an informational and educational program aimed at raising public awareness of the problems of the planet's water resources and participating in protection from pollution. The program provides an opportunity for people to carry out basic monitoring of the state of local reservoirs themselves, carried out with the support of the Water Environment Federation (WEF) and the International Water Association (IWA). Traditionally, on this day, it is customary to take water samples from various surface water bodies of our planet to assess its safety for human life and living organisms. The purpose of the World Water Monitoring Day is to raise public awareness about the quality of water resources and the measures taken to protect them from pollution. Systematic monitoring of water resources contributes to improving the quality of water consumed by humans and, as a result, reduces risks to public health. Main sources of water pollution: Surface water pollution Hazardous substances in contact with various water sources lead to contamination of surface waters. Harmful substances from various sources are mixed or dissolved with the water of rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and then seas and oceans, which leads to contamination of surface waters. Groundwater pollution Pesticides and chemicals applied to crops and soil are washed deep into the ground during rain. Pesticides are mixed with groundwater and lead to their contamination. Suspended matter pollution With such pollution, pollutants enter the water and don’t mix with water molecules. Therefore, suspended particles in the water form silt on the water bottom. Bacterial contamination Microorganisms cause this type of water pollution. Although most microorganisms are harmless, some bacteria and viruses can cause serious health problems. Chemical contamination of water Many industries and farmers use chemicals for various purposes. This leads to water pollution. Various chemicals are used to control weeds, insects and pests that let leeches into the water and spread pollution. In addition, metals and solvents from industry also lead to water pollution. Our country has sufficient reserves of water resources. However, with the development of industry and agriculture, there is a negative impact on the environment, including on water quality. Within the framework of the National Environmental Monitoring System in the Republic of Belarus, which has been functioning in the Republic of Belarus since 1993, surface and groundwater monitoring is carried out. An effective tool for preventing excessive discharges of pollutants is to conduct analytical (laboratory) control on a regular basis. More than 10,000 water samples are analyzed annually, and more than 500 wastewater releases into surface water bodies are monitored. Observation points for the state of surface waters, indicators and frequency of monitoring the quality of surface waters are determined by the Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus No. 180-OD dated July 19, 2019 "On monitoring surface and groundwater". Sampling of surface waters by specialists of Belgidromet Monitoring of surface waters on the territory of the Republic of Belarus is carried out at 297 observation points. Regular observations are carried out on 160 water bodies, including 86 watercourses (176 observation points) and 74 reservoirs (121 observation points). Measurement of water color by specialists of Belgidromet Observations on hydrochemical indicators are carried out by the state institution "Republican center for analytical control in the field of environmental protection" (RCAC), on hydrobiological - by the state institution "Republican center for hydrometeorology, control of radioactive contamination and environmental monitoring" (Belgidromet). Photo taken from Internet sources An important direction in the development of surface water monitoring in recent years is the phased deployment of observations on hydromorphological indicators carried out within the framework of the state program. Photo taken from the website rad.org.by The problems of the impact of climate change on water resources are in the field of view of the Ministry of Natural Resources and systematic work is being carried out in this direction. Thus, within the framework of the State Program "Environmental Protection and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources" for 2016-2020, approved by Resolution No. 205 of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus dated March 17, 2016, the Ministry of Natural Resources has developed a draft Strategy for water Resources management in the context of climate change for the period up to 2030. Water is an element without which life on Earth would not have appeared. The human body, like all living things, cannot exist without life-giving moisture and consists of 3/4 of water. Water quality requirements make it possible to protect people from pathogenic bacteria and viruses, so attention to its quality is an important task for every inhabitant of the planet who thinks about his health and longevity. When using the information reference to Belhydromet is obligatory
73rd meeting of the Joint Board of the Union State Committee of Hydrometeorology and Environmental Pollution Monitoring
On August 10-11, 2022, the 73rd meeting of the joint board of the Union State Committee on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Pollution Monitoring was held in Irkutsk (Russian Federation). For reference: for 26 years, the joint board has been a platform for constructive dialogue, solving hydrometeorological issues of Belarus and Russia, exchanging experience, discussing current activities and promising scientific developments, as well as building friendly relations between the two countries. The meeting was opened by head of Roshydromet Igor Shumakov . Welcoming the participants of the meeting, he noted that the hydrometeorological services of Russia and Belarus, despite the sanctions pressure, remain among the leaders of the world hydrometeorological services. "For the main consumers of our information, both professional and non-professional, nothing has changed. What it cost us, only we know, but, nevertheless, as we were among the world leaders of hydrometeorological services, we remain so," Shumakov said. He also stressed that the hydrometeorological services of Russia and Belarus work as a whole, which also allows overcoming difficulties. The head of the Belhydromet, Tamara Gomonova, noted that her department receives full support from the Roshydromet. "If we have any questions, we always get in touch and get competent help and support. And in the future we will only deepen our cooperation," she said. The participants of the event reviewed the program for ensuring hydrometeorological safety in conditions of climate variability and change for 2023-2027, the results of the implementation of the program "Development of the hydrometeorological safety system of the Union State" for 2017-2021. In addition, the agenda of the joint board included reports on "Increasing the number of observation points on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, data from which will be received for international exchange, and practical results achieved as a result of the expansion of the state observation network of the Republic of Belarus", "On the experience of using the CliWare system in the interests of various categories of users and the directions of its further development and modernization; "On the use of satellite data for monitoring the territory of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation" and others. The decisions adopted at the Board will further improve the efficiency of information exchange of data and the development of services, strengthen cooperation in the field of climate change in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. The next meeting of the joint board of the Union State Committee on Hydrometeorology and Environmental Pollution Monitoring is scheduled to be held in the IV quarter of 2022 in the Republic of Belarus. Some photos are taken from the website of Roshydromet https://www.meteorf.gov.ru/
July 3 - Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus
Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus is a holiday of Belarusian statehood, which is celebrated annually on July 3 . July 3 is a historically significant date in the fate of Belarus. The date has become a symbol of freedom and peace. On this day in 1944, the troops of Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky and General of the Army Ivan Chernyakhovsky liberated the city of Minsk from Nazi invaders. For reference. Until the end of 1996, Independence Day in the republic was celebrated on July 27 - the day the Declaration of Sovereignty was adopted in 1990, but at the republican referendum, the majority of the inhabitants of our country decided to celebrate the holiday on July 3. Belarusians paid a high price for the victory in the Great Patriotic War. According to updated estimates, every third inhabitant of the country died, of which about a million were children under 18 years old... The culmination of the victory was the liberation of Minsk. Residents of the capital arranged a grandiose meeting for the liberators. In one of the military reports, this was described as follows: "The tanks looked like huge bouquets of flowers, and not like formidable fighting vehicles." With special solemnity, Independence Day in Belarus is celebrated on anniversaries - 60, 65, 70 and 75 years from the date of liberation from German occupation. Belhydromet congratulates you on the Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus! We celebrate this holiday, glorifying our heroes who overcame the terrible difficulties of the war in order to liberate their native land! We wish you good health, prosperity and a peaceful sky above your head!
June 22 - the Day of National Remembrance of the victims of the World War II and the genocide of the Belarusian people
June 22 is a mournful date in Belarus - the Day of National Remembrance of the victims of the World War II and the genocide of the Belarusian people . At dawn on June 22, 1941, Germany fascist violated the non-aggression pact and began a war against the Soviet Union. In the first hours of the war, Brest and the fortress were subjected to massive shelling and air bombardment. The heroic garrison of the Brest Fortress stubbornly fought the enemy for more than a month. During the World War II the hydrometeorological service of Belarus suffered heavy losses. About 300 skilled workers were lost; over 85% of stations and 90% of posts were completely destroyed; most of the valuable equipment and fund of scientific and technical materials were destroyed or taken to Germany. Only by the end of 1944, thanks to the work carried out, the hydrometeorological service of Belarus was basically restored. Belhydromet honors the memory of those who, at the cost of their lives, fulfilled their duty to defend the Motherland. The All-Belarusian minute of silence will be held on June 22, 2022 at 12.00. Everyone can take part in a moment of silence. At 12.00 you need to stop for a minute and honor the memory of those who died during the war. When using the information reference to Belhydromet is obligatory
June 15 - World Wind Day
Wind is one of the alternative and inexhaustible sources of energy. Today, wind power plants (WPPs) operate successfully in almost 80 countries around the world, thousands of people are involved in the production of wind energy. The world leaders in terms of the capacity of operated wind turbines are China, the USA, Germany and Spain. In Belarus , wind energy has also been developed: 112 wind power plants with a total capacity of 127 .4 MW operate on the territory of the country, the largest of which (Mstislavsky district) reaches a capacity of 3.4 MW. Over the past 5 years, the generation of electricity by windmills has increased 20 times. A new wind farm with a capacity of 25 MW will appear in the Liozno district of the Vitebsk region by the end of 2022. Within the framework of the PRON/GEF international technical assistance project “Removing Barriers to the Development of Wind Energy in the Republic of Belarus”, an Atlas of Wind Potential was developed. The initiators of the creation of the holiday were the European Wind Energy Association and the World Wind Energy Council. The development of the electric power industry will help solve a number of global environmental and economic problems, including the problem of limited fossil fuel resources. Here are some indicators: - in 2019, 48% of all electricity was produced in Denmark with the help of wind turbines, in Ireland - 33%, in the EU as a whole - 15%. - The International Renewable Energy Agency predicts that more than a third of the world's electricity needs will be covered by wind power by 2050. - the largest wind turbine under development at the beginning of 2021 is the Danish model for offshore wind energy Vestas V236-15.0 with a record capacity of 15 MW, the production of the first prototype is planned as early as 2022.
May 15 - International Climate Day
The problem of climate change is one of the urgent and global problems facing man. An increased content of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, nitric oxide) has a negative impact on food security, human life and the state of natural resources, leading to a change in climatic conditions and, as a result, an increase in the frequency of dangerous climatic events. Particular attention should be paid to the problem of the ozone layer thinning, which serves as the main protection against dangerous ultraviolet radiation. Over the past more than a hundred years, there have been intense changes in climatic conditions around the globe, and new climate records are increasingly being set. International Climate Day is celebrated every year to raise awareness of climate change. Image is for illustrative purposes only Preservation of the Earth's climate depends on each person. What can everyone do? – Plant a tree, reuse things, use energy-efficient lighting sources, protect green spaces, do not litter. When using the information, reference to Belhydromet is obligatory
March 22 – World Water Day
World Water Day, held on 22 March every year since 1993, focuses on the importance of freshwater. A core focus of World Water Day is to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030. The theme of the World Water Day 2022: “Groundwater, making the invisible visible”. Groundwater is water found underground in aquifers, which are geological formations of rocks, sands and gravels that hold substantial quantities of water. Groundwater feeds springs, rivers, lakes and wetlands. Groundwater can be extracted to the surface by pumps and wells. Most arid areas of the world depend entirely on groundwater. Groundwater supplies a large proportion of the water we use for drinking, sanitation, food production and industrial processes. Our goal is to protect them from overexploitation – abstracting more water than is recharged - and the pollution that currently haunts them, since it can lead to the depletion of this resource and sometimes even preventing its use. On March 22, World Water Day, the UN report on the state of the world's water resources will be presented, as well as recommendations for effective policy measures in this area. In Belarus, much attention is paid to the issues of conservation, restoration and sustainable use of ecological systems, climate impact mitigation and adaptation to a changing climate, including in terms of water resources management. As part of the State Program "Environmental Protection and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources" for 2021-2025 years, the Ministry of Natural Resources has developed a project to mitigate the impact on the republic's water resources in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals until 2030.
WMO announced World Meteorological Day 2022 theme
Extreme weather, climate and water events are becoming more frequent and intense in many parts of the world as a result of climate change. More of us than ever before are exposed to a myriad of collateral hazards, which are evolving as a result of population growth, urbanization and environmental degradation. Forecasts of what the weather will be like are no longer enough. Impact-based forecasts that inform the public about what the weather will do are vital to saving lives and livelihoods. However, every third people aren’t still sufficiently covered by early warning systems. Closer coordination between National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, disaster management authorities and development agencies is fundamental to improve prevention, preparedness and response. COVID-19 has compounded the challenges facing society and weakened coping mechanisms. The pandemic has also shown that, in our interconnected world, we need to take a truly multifactorial and cross-border approach in order to make progress towards global climate change, disaster risk reduction and sustainable development goals. Being prepared and able to act can save many lives and protect the communities around the world, now and in the future. Thus, World Meteorological Day on March 23, 2022 is dedicated to the theme "Early Warning and Early Action" and highlights the vital importance of hydrometeorological and climate information for disaster risk reduction. WMO members include 187 States. Belarus has been a WMO member since 1948. On this day, March 23, our country also celebrates the Day of Workers of the Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Belarus . The holiday was established in 2012. This day reminds of the need for meteorological research, as well as the importance of preserving the atmosphere and hydrosphere of the planet.