Climate characteristic of spring 2022
The average air temperature of the spring season of 2022 was 6.2°C, which is 1.1°C below the climatic norm. The past spring season took only 78th place in the ranked series of observations from the coldest to the warmest season since 1881.
Deviation of the average monthly air temperature of the spring season from the climatic norm (7.3 °C) in the Republic of Belarus
For the most part of the country, the negative anomaly of seasonal air temperature was in the range of 1.0-1.5 ° C.
Deviation (°C) of the average air temperature of the spring season from the climatic norm on the territory of Belarus
The greatest negative deviations of air temperature from the climatic norm were noted in the territory of the Minsk region (on average in the region -1.4 ° C), the smallest – in the territory of the Grodno region (on average in the region -1.0 ° C). The temperature regime of the spring season was heterogeneous: the average temperature in March was close to normal (the positive anomaly was 0.3 ° C). April and May were cold with a negative anomaly of 2.1 and 1.8 °C, respectively.
Average air temperature and climatic norm by months of the spring season of 2022 in the Republic of Belarus
A steady transition of the average daily air temperature through 0 ° C upward (the end of winter – the beginning of spring in climatology) occurred in the western half of the Grodno and southern half of the Minsk region, throughout the Brest and Gomel regions on February 4-15, which is 2-4 weeks earlier than usual. In the rest of the country, the transition took place on March 13-20, 1-2 weeks later than the set time.
The average air temperature in Belarus for March 2022 was 1.1°C, which is 0.3 °C higher than the climatic norm. The maximum value (+19.2 ° C) air temperature reached on March 23 at the Vysokoe station. The minimum air temperature was recorded at the Yezerishche station on March 10 and amounted to -19.9 ° C, reaching the lowest value for the current season.
The average air temperature in Belarus for April 2022 was 5.7°C, which is 2.1°C below the climatic norm. The maximum value (+20.9 ° C) air temperature reached on April 15 and 25 at the Lelchitsy station. The minimum air temperature was recorded at the Pruzhany station on April 4 and was -9.0 °C.
A steady upward transition through 5 ° C (the beginning of the growing season) took place in most of the country on April 7 in terms close to normal, and in some areas (in the central and northeastern parts of the country) - in the second decade of the month – April 13-19. The growing season began 1-9 days later than the deadline.
The average air temperature in Belarus for May 2022 was 11.6 °C, which is 1.8°C below the climatic norm. The maximum value (+29.7°C) was reached on May 12 at the Lelchitsy station (the highest air temperature for the season). The minimum air temperature was recorded at the stations of Yezerishche and Berezinsky Reserve on May 5 and amounted to -4.3 °C.
A steady upward transition through 10 ° C (the beginning of the active vegetation period) was carried out mainly in the third decade of April – the first decade of May one to two weeks later than usual. Only in the extreme northeast (Yezerishche), the period of active vegetation began three weeks later than usual - in the third decade of May (May 22).
During the spring, an average of 154.4 mm of precipitation fell across the country, which is 110% of the climatic norm for the season. Humidification conditions were heterogeneous across the country. In most parts of the country, 80-150% of the seasonal norm fell.
Deviation (%) of the monthly precipitation amount for the spring season from the climatic norm on the territory of Belarus
In the regional context, the largest amount of precipitation was observed in the territory of the Mogilev region (196.7 mm or 144% of the norm of the season). The smallest is in the Vitebsk region – 111.7 mm or 80% of the norm.
The amount of precipitation for the spring of 2022 and the climatic norm for the regions and territory of Belarus
During the spring, precipitation fell unevenly on the territory of Belarus.
A significant shortage of precipitation was observed in March (17% of the norm). March 2022 was the driest in the history of observations since 1945. At 19 stations on the territory of Vitebsk, Grodno, Minsk and Brest regions, historical minimums of precipitation for the month were updated. In most parts of the country, 1-30% of the norm fell. In the south-east, the greatest amount of precipitation fell – more than 45% of the norm.
Excessive moisture was noted in April (222% of the norm fell). April 2022 was the wettest in a period of years since 1945. At 9 stations on the territory of the Minsk, Mogilev and Gomel regions, the historical maximum precipitation amounts for the month were updated.
In May, the amount of precipitation for the month was close to normal (98% of the norm).
Precipitation and climate norm by months of spring 2022
In the spring, precipitation fell mainly in the form of rain, at the beginning of the season mixed and solid precipitation was also observed. In the first decade of March, the snow cover was mainly maintained over most of the territory of Vitebsk and Mogilev, as well as at individual observation points of the Minsk and Grodno regions. In the rest of the territory, the presence of snow cover was episodic. In the second and third decades of March, the destruction of the snow cover continued, but due to cases of snowfall at the end of the month, snow cover with a height of 0.1 cm (Vileika, Yezerishche) to 5 cm (Orsha) was observed in some parts of the country. The complete destruction of the snow cover on the territory of Belarus took place in late March – early April.
Throughout the spring, an increase in wind speed with gusts of up to 15 m/s and more was noted everywhere, in places reaching the criterion of a dangerous hydrometeorological phenomenon (25 m/s and more). The maximum wind speed for the season was registered at the Klichev station on May 12 (31 m/s).
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